Description Reviews 0. Revolution, Resistance, and Reform in Village China Yale Agrarian Studies Series Drawing on more than a quarter century of field and documentary research in rural North China, this book explores the contested relationship between village and state from the s to the start of the twenty-first century. Length 1 inch.
Width 9. Weight 1.
Debunking the Myths Around Decollectivization Politics
Extras Publisher. Copyright While clearly demonstrating the main responsibility of the two regimes in causing the disasters, the author also underlines the enormous burden inherited by both agrarian empires.
A Chinese peasant born in in Henan and dying at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution would similarly have experienced the famines of , , and pp. The author could also have included the famine of , which struck the northern part of the province.source link
Revolution, Resistance, And Reform In Village China (Yale Agrarian Studies Series)
The situation was therefore very strained throughout the first decade of the regime, and was nearly as tense in the Soviet Union during the civil war and the s. This was the very difficult legacy that the two regimes managed, as best they could, before embarking in and on modernisation drives that were excessively ambitious, impatient, and radical, and gave rise to famine.
As food shortages worsened, both Stalin and Mao gave absolute priority to this group, for food riots had to be avoided in the cities, where the regime felt vulnerable and wished to maintain stability. In the USSR, the cities were even split into three categories: Moscow, Leningrad, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, and a handful of other industrial cities had access to the grain harvested on a national level; 80 others cities were supplied in part by the central stores, but had to turn to their surrounding areas to make up gaps in their supplies; the remaining cities and towns had to rely solely on local harvests p.
In order to protect themselves, the two regimes exacerbated the rural famine by requisitioning excessive quantities from the producers so as to reduce urban rationing as much as possible.
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Similarly, Wemheuer reasons and demonstrates that the Chinese famine was finally overcome less by concessions that were granted — too late — to the producers private plots of land restored, the unit of accounting delegated down to the work team level, the contract responsibility system, etc. These imports helped provide food for the city dwellers, who were now fewer in number, in turn making it possible to reduce the collections demanded from producers. The latter were nevertheless left with the task of feeding those returning from the cities, in waves staggered over several years.
Modernization revolution and midwifery reforms in twentieth-century china
They compare Ukraine, which was struck harder than any other region of the USSR by the famine of Kazakhstan was proportionally hit harder still in , and Tibet, where the losses were less serious than those in Anhui, Henan, and many other provinces populated almost exclusively by the Han. These three chapters deal less with the famine itself than with the contradictory accounts concocted by the official historiography and the Ukrainian or Tibetan nationalists. Interest therefore shifts to questions concerning the autonomy, separatism, or secession of outlying regions occupied by national minorities, a subject that is no doubt interesting in itself, 4 but that diverts us from the essential subject and contributions of the book.
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- Revolution, Resistance, And Reform In Village China (Yale Agrarian Studies Series).
- Revolution, Resistance, and Reform in Village China.
Table 4. Incidentally, the incorrect calculation is possibly closer to reality than the jin taken from Table 4.
The Waning of the Communist State
That on p. Furthermore, solidly reasoned theoretical discussions introduce or provide the crowning achievements of the empirical research. To cite but a few examples here, the author refutes the theories amplifying the peasant resistance and its impact pp. His arguments are as convincing as they are learned, the Soviet case following the Chinese case before itself being encapsulated by other examples India and Africa and other centuries Imperial China and its system of organising assistance.